"Requiem" Johna Ruttera - znany gatunek, wyjątkowa treść

Autor

  • Arkadiusz Kaczyński Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34767/MHTE.2011.01.04

Słowa kluczowe:

John Rutter, brytyjscy kompozytorzy, msza żałobna

Abstrakt

This prominent British composer has been very popular for many years because of his music - extremely appreciated, especially in Great Britain, Scandinavia and North America. Not very popular in Poland for a very long time, only in the United States of America his Requiem was presented hundreds times in the year of its premiere. Amongst Rutter’s compositions, apart from great vocal-instrumental forms, there are also smaller compositions with an instrumental or vocal accompaniment and a great amount of a cappella pieces. There are many funeral masses very well known in musical literature, amongst them some famed for its very advanced structure. Funeral masses of Hector Berlioz or Giuseppe Verdi, traditional but monumental, full of drama and exalted atmosphere are different from rather chamber construction of Rutter’s composition, although thematically it belongs to the same group of musical genre. The title of Requiem comes from the beginning of the text: Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine…Words are always related to the music in a very illustrative way, to emphasize a human idea of a posthumous existence. Regarding that matter Rutter’s composition is greatly clear. The text is organized clearly, almost theatrically and this gives a great range of possibilities concerning artistic expression especially for conductors but also for their choirs. It is not surprising that this composition is constantly presented on the concert posters all over the world. It is possible that some of critic opinions seem to be unflattering, indicating the fact that Rutter follows too much in his Requiem standards used by his predecessors like G. Faure or W.A. Mozart? But there is no doubt - John Rutter is an outstanding musical stylist, although his style is sometimes described as ‘sensitive sentimentality’. There are some specific features of his composer’s workshop, easily audible in every composition, which makes his music very unique and simply charming. Undoubtedly, Requiem remains an occasional piece, performed to emphasize very special circumstances – but rather sad or tragic. But also, for outstanding individualities amongst conductors, this kind of mass form will always be a potential structure to create a subjective but in many ways – universal interpretation.

Bibliografia

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Pobrania

Opublikowane

2011-09-13

Jak cytować

Kaczyński, A. (2011). "Requiem" Johna Ruttera - znany gatunek, wyjątkowa treść. Muzyka. Historia. Teoria. Edukacja, (1), 51–70. https://doi.org/10.34767/MHTE.2011.01.04