Attractiveness of peripheral areas’ geographical environment for tourism and recreation vs the issue of holistic phenomenon measurement. Krajna case study (Poland)

Authors

  • Monika Kozłowska-Adamczak Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszczy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34767/GAT.2021.09.11

Keywords:

peripheral areas, Krajna, tourist attractiveness, social perception on geographical environment elements, score-based evaluation – bonitation

Abstract

Owing to the location of Krajna in the north-western part of the country, in the historical border area of northern Wielkopolska and Pomorze (and especially its being far away from large cities), it is considered a peripheral region as per Christaller’s theory. By virtue of such circumstances, Krajna exhibits rich and almost pristine environmental potential, together with well-preserved cultural capacity. The study aims to draw attention to the fact that nowadays the objective aspect of indexation should not be the only factor taken into consideration when assessing the usefulness of assets (tourism resources) for the development of tourism in a given area. Thus, the author performs calculations and data analysis using a two-stage research approach, which involves: 1) qualitative analysis of the results of a survey pertaining to the most prominent environment elements of the geographical region as indicated by tourists and local authorities, and 2) comparison and assessment (by means of a simple bonitation method) of tourists’ subjective opinions regarding top-graded elements of the geographic environment that are deemed to affect tourist attractiveness of the region. The analysis shows that the qualitative aspect of assessment in particular plays a major role in the analyses of region’s tourist attractiveness (especially in the case of peripheral regions). Although a given region may objectively demonstrate a higher degree of peripherality, this does not necessarily cause a decrease in perceived tourist attractiveness of environmental assets displayed by a geographic region as such but may in fact enhance those qualities from the subjective standpoint of tourists and local authorities. Said aspect is related to the determination of social perception on geographical environment elements. As such, it should be examined from both the perspective of “guests” (i.e. visitors) and “hosts”, here the local government representatives of the research area. The results of conducted studies have a viable impact on the shaping and development of the region’s tourist area. This, in turn, leads to a full (synthetic) measurement and assessment in terms of the attractiveness of the area’s geographical environment for the development of tourism and recreation. 

References

Bartkowski T., 1977. Metodyka oceny atrakcyjności terenu dla rekreacji na przykładzie oceny obszarów pojeziernych Polski zachodniej i północnej. Monografie 111, Wydawnictwo Akademii Wychowania Fizycznego w Poznaniu, Poznań [In Polish].

Christaller W., 1955. Beiträge zu einer Geographie des Fremdenverkehrs. Erdkunde 9(1), 1–20 [In Germany].

Christaller W., 1964. Some Considerations Of Tourism Location In Europe: The Peripheral Regions-Underdeveloped Countries – Recreation Areas. Regional Science Association, Papers XII, Lund Congress, 95–105.

Duda-Seifert M., 2015. Criteria of evaluation of tourist attractiveness of architectural monuments based on the literature review. Turystyka Kulturowa 4, 74–87 [In Polish with English summary].

Durydiwka M., 2009. Tourist movement – from centre to peripheries. Prace i Studia Geograficzne 42, 59–71 [In Polish with English summary].

Fedyk W., Cieplik J., Smolarski T., Gruszka I., 2014. Tourist attractiveness and commercialization of selected tourist facilities in the opinion of a specialist consumer group. Rozprawy Naukowe AWF we Wrocławiu 46, 3–15 [In Polish with English abstract].

Frankfort-Nachmias Ch., Nachmias D., 2001. Metody badawcze w naukach społecznych.Wydawnictwo Zysk i Spółka, Poznań [In Polish].

Goerke O., 1918. Der Kreis Flatow. In geographischer, naturkundlicher und geschichtlicher Beziehung dargestellt. Kreisausschuße des Kreises, Flatow [In Germany].

Jania M., 2007. An Attempt Of Natural Valorization Of The Kłodzko Region Environment For Needs Of Tourism And Recreation. [In:] Rzętała M. (Ed.), Z badań nad wpływem antropopresji na środowisko 8, Wydział Nauk o Ziemi Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Sosnowiec, 28–41 [In Polish with English summary].

Karolczak M., 2002. Tourist-Recreational Space in Roztocze. Turyzm 12(1), 5–36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.12.1.01

Kowalczyk A., 2001. Geografia turyzmu. Wydawnictwo PWN, Warszawa [In Polish].

Kozłowska-Adamczak M., 2016. The tourist space of Krajna. Ph.D. thesis, Uniwersytet Łódzki [In Polish with English summary].

Kozłowska-Adamczak M., 2017. Walory turystyczne środowiska geograficznego historycznej Krajny i próba ich oceny. [In:] Kozłowska-Adamczak M., Rurek M. (Eds.), Zrównoważony rozwój Pojezierza Krajeńskiego: wybrane aspekty. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Kazimierza Wielkiego, Bydgoszcz, 79–107 [In Polish].

Kozłowska-Adamczak M., 2018. Peripheral location and the formation of tourist space – Selected methodological aspects as illustrated with the region of Krajna (Poland). [In:] Simos T.E., Kalogiratou Z., Monovasilis T. (Eds.), International Conference of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering 2018 (ICCMSE 2018). AIP Conference Proceedings 2040, American Institute of Physics, New York, 120003-1 – 120003-4, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5079179.

Kozłowska-Adamczak M.., 2019. The Process Of Shaping Tourist Facilities Development In Peripheral Areas In The Context Of Leisure Tourism. Case Study Of the Krajna Region (Poland). Czasopismo Geograficzne 90(1), 123–147 [ In Polish with English abstract ].

Kożuchowski K., 2005. Walory przyrodnicze w turystyce i rekreacji. Wydawnictwo Kurpisz S.A., Poznań [In Polish].

Kruczek Z., 2002. Tourism Attractions The Methods of Review Their Reception – Interpretation. Folia Turistica 13, 37 –61 [In Polish with English abstract ].

Kurek W. (Ed.), 2007. Turystyka. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa [In Polish].

Leszczewska K., 2010. Economic Activity of Peripheral Regions. Nierówności społeczne a wzrost gospodarczy 17, 215–225 [ In Polish with English abstract ].

Matczak A., 1986. Les bases naturelles de l’organisation du repos dans la zone suburbaine de Łódź. Acta Universitatis Lodziensis - Turyzm 2, 25–45 [In Polish with French and English abstracts].

Majewska J., Napierała T., Adamiak M., 2016. Using New Information And Communication Technologies For The Description Of Tourism Space. Folia Turistica 41, 309–339 [In Polish with English abstract].

Pilawka T., Kazak J., 2013. Social Capital and Use of Funds Under The Integrated Regional Operational Programme 2004–2006 . Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development 1(27), 189–197 [In Polish with English abstract].

Runge J., 2006. Metody badań w geografii społeczno-ekonomicznej – elementy metodologii, wybrane narzędzia badawcze. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Katowice [In Polish].

Szafran P., 1961. Osadnictwo historycznej Krajny w XVI-XVIII wieku (1511–1772). Gdańskie Towarzystwo Naukowe, Wydział Nauk Społecznych i Humanistycznych, Gdańsk [In Polish].

Tomczyk A., 2005. Atrakcyjność turystyczna regionu – aspekt teoretyczny oraz praktyczne zastosowanie jednej z metod jej oceny. Problemy Turystyki 28 (3–4), 19–35 [In Polish].

Warszyńska J, Jackowski A., 1979. Podstawy geografii turyzmu. Wydawnictwo PWN, Warszawa [In Polish].

Wiluś R., 1997. Rozwój funkcji turystycznej w dolinie rzeki Warty na odcinku od Działoszyna do Uniejowa. [In:] Liszewski S. (Ed.), Szlakami Nauki 24, Łódzkie Towarzystwo Naukowe, Łódź [In Polish].

Winiarski R., Zdebski J., 2008. Psychologia turystyki. Seria Psychologia Wobec Współczesności: psychologia biegu życia, Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne, Warszawa [In Polish].

Wojciechowska J., 2003. Analiza i ocena zagospodarowania turystycznego. [In:] Liszewski S. (Ed.), Możliwości i kierunki rozwoju turystyki w Dolinie Odry. Katedra Geografii Miast i Turyzmu Uniwerystetu Łódzkiego, Łódzkie Towarzystwo Naukowe, Łódź, 136–156 [In Polish].

Wojewódzka-Wiewiórska A., 2013. Typology of Mazovian Voivodeship Communes According To Absorption of The Funds From EU Budget And The Socio-Economic Development Level. Roczniki Ekonomii Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich 100(2), 15–24 [In Polish with English abstract].

Zarębski P., 2012. The peripheral areas and their development potential. Annals of The Polish Association of Agricultural and Agribusiness Economists 15(4), 131–135 [In Polish with English abstract].

Downloads

Published

2021-12-01