Characteristics of spatial indicators of walking, typical for 6–8 year-old children

Serhii Kholodov


Topicality. Currently, there is no doubt that when assessing the development of the child, both in early and subsequent periods of their childhood, it is impossible to consider the formation of their motor and mental functions separately. Motor development plays an important role in formation of human mental functions. In this regard, special attention should be paid to the peculiarities of natural locomotion formation among children. The task of the research is to determine the spatial indicators of walking, typical for 6–8 year-old children. Research methods include analysis of scientific and methodical resources as well as documentary materials, video-metrics, BioVideo application package, methods of mathematical statistics. Research results. As a result of biomechanical video-computer analysis we have obtained goniometric parameters of the 6–8 year-old boys’ hip joints in the boundary moments of their walking phases. Thus, at the time of setting the left leg by 6-year-old boys, the angle in their right hip joint (formed by bio-pairs torso-thigh) was 169 (S = 15) degrees; regarding 7 and 8-year-old boys it was 173 (S = 13) and 174 (S = 17) deg. degrees respectively. Goniometric parameters of the left hip joint were 149 (S = 15) deg., 149 (S = 14) deg. and 150 (S = 15) deg. for 6, 7 and 8-year-old boys respectively. At the same time, the difference between the indicators of both right and left hip joints at the time of setting the left leg by healthy 7-year-old boys compared to 6-year-olds as well as by 8-year-old boys compared to 7-year-olds is statistically insignificant (p> 0.05). Conclusions. Analysis of different body parts kinematics convincingly proves that during the walking cycle there is a natural change in the boundary moments of walking phases. Despite a number of individual features, walking has a typical biomechanical structure for healthy 6–8 year-old children.


6–8 year-old children; structure of walking; spatial indicators; goniometry

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