Aggression vs. psychic resilience system - on an example of male judo. The case study

Małgorzata Pujszo, Robert Stępniak, Natalia Jasińska

Abstract


A lot of researches concerning martial arts area showed psychological links, what suggests to others researchers that they should follow and penetrate that path [1,2]. Aggression is one of the inborn human features. It is helpful in fight for survival. Scientists defined many kinds of aggression that are interconnected with each other. The basic division recognizes: instrumental aggression and hostile aggression. Instrumental aggression is when it is not intended to harm someone but to provoke a certain behavior, e.g. winning a combat. Hostile aggression on the other hand is when it is intended to harm someone [3].
So it can be said that there is a division on acceptable aggression, which can be even useful, and the one that leads to not following any rules under the influence of emotions- unacceptable aggression. Aggression can be observed in every aspect of human life (home, school, sport life). So it is reasonable to ask if sport, which is dominated by acceptable aggression (instrumental), where unacceptable aggression is immediately punished, can be a restraint of unacceptable aggressive behaviors [4].
Researches by Dąbrowski and others showed that most of judo athletes display valuable, social and moral attitude. It can be said that training that sport discipline by socially maladjusted individual can help them to find the right way [5].
Another researches in that area by Pietrzak and Cynarski showed that according to Bushidō Code, martial art it is not only the training of the body but also of the ‘spirit ‘of the warrior. Followers can enrich their characters, spirits and ability to assess and solve situations [6]. Each man has different ability to react to other people aggressive behaviors. It depends on their psychic resilience, to be precise their psychic flexibility. Psychic resilience in sport is determined as a kind of psychic disposition necessary for the athlete to achieve success in competition [7,8,9]. The term psychic resilience can be defined as a dynamic occurrence of ability of adaptation in given situations [10].
In this context, it can be said that psychic resilience has stabilizing action and means a lower inclination to disturbances, which is seen in good psychic condition [11]. Mutual interactions of both dimensions of human psychic- aggression and psychic resilience, together with sport training seem to be an interesting researching problem.

Keywords


psychic resilience; aggression; judo

Full Text:

PDF

References


Pujszo, R., Skorupa, H., Smaruj, M., Sybilski, Z., & Wolska, B. (2006). Koncentracja uwagi i efekt placebo w Kontroli postawy ciała. [W]: Człowiek – jego bioelektroniczna konstrukcja a percepcja muzyki/Praca zbiorowa pod red. Adama Adamskiego. Kęty, 77-83.

Adam, M., Laskowski, R., Pujszo, R., Smaruj, M., Wolska, B., & Sybilski, Z. (2006). Natężenie dźwięku i odporność na stres a kontrola postawy ciała. [W]: Człowiek – jego bioelektroniczna konstrukcja, a percepcja muzyki. Praca zbiorowa pod red. Adama Adamskiego Kęty, 85-89.

Dziubiński, Z. (2007). Sport a agresja. Praca zbiorowa. AWF, Warszawa i Salezjańska Organizacja Sportowa Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Warszawa.

Binczycka-Anholcer, M. (Ed.). (2003). Przemoc i agresja jako zjawiska społeczne PTHP, 42-44.

Krahé, B. (2005). Agresja [Aggression]. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne. 61-63.

Dąbrowski, A., Majcher, P., & Cynarski, W. J. (2002). Socjalizacyjne i edukacyjne walory sportów walk – na przykładzie judo, [W:] Dąbrowski A., Jasiński T., Kalina R. M. (red.), Sporty walki w edukacji dzieci i młodzieży, Wyd. Novum, Płock, s. 124.

Pietrzak, H., Cynarski, W. J. (2000). Psychologia duchowej drogi sztuk walki. Rocznik Naukowy Ido-Ruch dla Kultury, 1: 202-210.

Pujszo, M., Janowska, P., & Stępniak, R. (2019). The psychic resilience on an example of some martial arts fighters. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 9(7), 467-478.

Cynarski, W. J., & Litwiniuk, A. (2000). Metody przygotowania psychicznego w sztukach walki. Rocznik Naukowy Ido-ruch dla kultury, 2: 211-215.

Grzegorzewska, I. (2011). Odporność psychiczna dzieci i młodzieży – wyzwanie dla współczesnej edukacji. Teraźniejszość – Człowiek – Edukacja, 1(53), 37-51.

Tugade, M. M., Fredrickson, B.L., Feldman Barrett, L. (2004). Psychological resilience and positive emotional granularity: Examining the benefits of positive emotions on coping and health, J. Pers, 72 (6), 1161-1190.

Błach, W., Pujszo, R., Pyskir, M., Migasiewicz, J., Skorupa, H., & Szymański, T. (2006). Wpływ zmiany wysokości położenia ciała na kontrolę postawy człowieka. Medycyna Sportowa, 22 (1):17-22.

Wojdat, M., Janowska, P., Pujszo, M., Stępniak, R., & Wolska, B. (2017). Psychological description at depression in combat sports-on the example of male judo. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(8), 256-266.

Janowska, P., & Stępniak, R. (2018). Comparative analysis of" Psyche" of young judo players from a big city and small towns. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 8(9), 327-336.

Wojdat, M., Janowska, P., Pujszo, M., Stępniak, R., & Adam, M. (2017). Psychological analysis of the level of aggression in the male judokas society. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(4), 59-67.

Wojdat, M., Janowska, P., Pujszo, M., Stępniak, R. (2017). Analiza porównawcza poziomu agresji między kobiecym, a męskim środowiskiem judoków. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 7(5):95-106.

Hasan, H. J. (2002). Relations of the Arabic Type A behavior scale with measures of optimism and pessimism. Psychological reports, 91(3_suppl), 1043-1051.

Carver, C. S. (2014). Self-control and optimism are distinct and complementary strengths. Personality and Individual Differences, 66, 24-26.

Monzani, D., Steca, P., & Greco, A. (2014). Brief report: Assessing dispositional optimism in adolescence–Factor structure and concurrent validity of the Life Orientation Test–Revised. Journal of Adolescence, 37(2), 97-101.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3457314

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)