Apitherapy – the medical use of bee products

Przemysław Szabat, Julita Poleszak, Marta Szabat, Grzegorz Boreński, Magdalena Wójcik, Joanna Milanowska


Introduction: Bee products have been used by man for centuries. However, their therapeutic options are not fully understood.
Aim of the study: To review research on the possibilities of using the medicinal properties of bee products.
Material and method: Standard criteria were used to review literature data. Search for articles in the PubMed database was carried out using the following keywords: apitherapy, honey, bee venom, propolis, royal jelly, bee pollen.
Description: Apitherapy is a healing method known to mankind since the oldest times. Due to the diverse composition, substances produced by bees show a number of activities, which include Antioxidant, immunomodulatory, antibacterial and anticancer effect. Thanks to numerous mechanisms, they have a beneficial effect on wound healing, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders.
Summary: Numerous properties and a wide range of activity of each bee product brings the possibility of using them in the therapy of many diseases.


bee venom; propolis; royal jelly

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