The experiment of physical education teaching style on different categories of student confidence to improve the swimming learning value (Experimental method using design of treatment by factorial 3x2) at Higher School Of Teacher Training And Pedagogy Kusumanegara Jakarta

Surya Adi Saputra, Abdul Sukur, James Tangkudung, Firmansyah Dlis, Widiastuti Widiastuti


Purpose: This study aimed to solve the problem of 80% students swimming learning value are failed, the researcher tries to experiment and prove the most suitable physical education teaching style to improve students swimming learning value for physical education student college at Higher School Of Teacher Training And Pedagogy Kusumanegara Jakarta. There are 3 types of physical education teaching style (Training teaching style, Command teaching style, and Self-check teaching style), confidence as a moderator variable are divided into two parts (high confidence and low confidence)
Methods: The quantitative experimental method was using design of treatment by factorial 3x2, participant were 60 male students divided into 6 groups, each consisting of 10 students. Before analyzing the hypothesis, there are 2 requirements tests: normality test by Liliefors and homogenity test by Levene’s Test. Second stage, hypotheses analyzed using variance analysis techniques (ANOVA) One-way Anava and Two-way Anava by significance α =0,05.
Results: The results of this study indicate that the: (1) Teaching style has an influence on increasing swimming learning value for students college (2) There are "Differences" between teaching styles (Training teaching style, Command teaching style, Self-Check teaching style). (3) There is an "Interaction" between teaching style and confidence toward increasing the swimming learning value, (4) The Training teaching style is the most appropriate teaching style to improve the swimming learning value (5) For students in the category High Confidence more suitable to be taught with Training teaching style but For students in the category Low Confidence more suitable to be taught with Self-Check teaching style.
Conclusion: To increasing the value of swimming learning value can be improved by Teaching styles for physical education students college.


physical education; teaching style; influence; confidence; swimming learning value

Full Text:



Коloskova, O., Bilous, T., Bilyk, G., Kaliyeva, S., Riklefs, V., Abakassova, G., & Muratova, A. (2018). Efficacy of teaching medical students by problem-based learning method. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 8(8), 1217-1226. doi:

Hrytsai, N., Trokhymchuk, I., Grygus, I., & Zukow, W. (2019). Training of future biology teachers to organize excursions in school. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 9(5), 187-198. doi:

Papla, M., Wojdała, G., Rasek, J., Królikowska, P., Starzak, J., & Górna-Łukasik, K. (2019). Attitudes towards physical education lessons in students at different levels of education. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 9(4), 301-316. doi:

Kurowicka, E. (2018). Stress and teachers satisfaction with educational work. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 8(12), 862-870. doi:

Chatoupis, C., & Vagenas, G. (2018). Effectiveness of the Practice Style and Reciprocal Style of Teaching: A Meta-Analysis. The Physical Educator, 75(2), 175–194.

Hevko Ihor. Information technologies in education: opportunities and negative consequences. (2019). Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 9(1), 69-77. DOI

Burdina, G. M., Krapotkina, I. E., & Nasyrova, L. G. (2018). Distance Learning in Elementary School Classrooms: An Emerging Framework for Contemporary Practice. International Journal of Instruction, 12(1), 1–16.

Suntusia, S., Dafik, D., & Hobri, H. (2018). The Effectiveness of Research Based Learning in Improving Students’ Achievement in Solving Two-Dimensional Arithmetic Sequence Problems. International Journal of Instruction, 12(1), 17–32.

Aktop, A., & Karahan, N. (2012). Physical education teacher's views of effective teaching methods in physical education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 1910-1913.

Anne L. Rothstein L. Research Desain & Statistics for Physical Education. New Jersey; Prentice Hall, Inc. 1985

Bowen, D. J. & Neill, J. T. Effects of the PCYC Catalyst outdoor adventure intervention program on youths' life skills, mental health, and delinquent behaviour. 2005

Chen, W., Zhu, W., Mason, S., Hammond-Bennett, A., & Colombo-Dougovito, A. (2016). Effectiveness of quality physical education in improving students' manipulative skill competency. Journal of sport and health science, 5(2), 231-238.

Dedeng Kurnia. Teknik Dasar dan Lanjutan Renang. Jakarta: IOC Olympic Solidarity-NOC of Indonesia and National Swimming Federation Of Indonesia

Ernest W. Maglischo. Swimming Faster-A Comprehensiv Guide to the Science of Swimmin. California: May Field Publishing Company. 1993

Elizabeth B. Hurlock. Children Development Six Edition. United Kingdom: Mc.Graw Hill Inc. 2005

FINA Handbook 2009-2013. Contitutions and Rules: Swimming, Open Water Swimming, Diving, Water Polo, Synhcronised Swimming, Masters,Facilities, Medical and Doping Control . Fina Office

Mosston, muska and Sara Ashworth Motor Learning and Control, Concepts and ApplicationsI. New York:McGraw-hill international Edition. 2011

Mosston, Musska and Sara Asworth, Teaching Physical Education. New York: Mac Millan College Publising Inc. 1994

Nakashima, M., & Tsunoda, Y. (2015). Improvement of crawl stroke for the swimming humanoid robot to establish an experimental platform for swimming research. Procedia Engineering, 112, 517-521.

Seifert, L., Chollet, D., & Allard, P. (2005). Arm coordination symmetry and breathing effect in front crawl. Human Movement Science, 24(2), 234-256.

Sghaier, D., Elandoulsi, S., Mami, M., & Bouassida, A. (2015). Physical Education Teacher’s Training in Swimming under the Joint Didactic Action. Creative Education, 6(22), 2433.

Spigelman, T., Sciascia, A., & Uhl, T. (2014). Return to swimming protocol for competitive swimmers: a post‐operative case study and fundamentals. International journal of sports physical therapy.

Tangkudung, James. Pembinaan Prestasi Olahraga Edidisi ke 1 dan 2. Jakarta: Cerdas Jaya, 2012.

Vezos, N., Gourgoulis, V., Aggeloussis, N., Kasimatis, P., Christoforidis, C., & Mavromatis, G. (2007). Underwater stroke kinematics during breathing and breath-holding front crawl swimming. Journal of sports science & medicine, 6(1), 58.

Yanti, M., Samara, A., Kazantzidis, P., Hasiotou, A., & Alexiou, S. (2014). Swimming as physical activity and recreation for women. TIMS. Acta.

McLean, S. P., & Hinrichs, R. N. (2000). Buoyancy, gender, and swimming performance. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 16(3), 248-263.

Zamparo, P., Carrara, S., & Cesari, P. (2017). Movement evaluation of front crawl swimming: Technical skill versus aesthetic quality. PloS one, 12(9), e0184171.



Copyright (c) 2019 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski