The role of essential oils in oral hygiene - a review of the literature

Patrycja Daniela Łanowy, Miłosz Wojciech Bichalski, Elżbieta Zajkowska, Joanna Komasa, Katarzyna Mocny-Pachońska, Marta Tanasiewicz

Abstract


Due to increasing of resistance of the microorganisms which causes periodontitis, mucositis - essential oils - source known from antiquity, may be helpful. Extracted from plants essential oils (EO of the selected plants) - contain in selected oils, can reduce the amount of pathogens in the mouth and help the action of antibiotics and other active components used in the prevention and the treatment of oral diseases. Essential oils are widely used: to reduce the formation of the plaque which is a biofilm produced by bacteria on the surface of hard tooth tissues. Dental plaque contributes to the development of periodontitis and tooth decay. The article contains an overview of the most popular essential oils and analysis of the results of the long-term studies on the effectiveness of mouthwashes containing essential oils.

Aim of the article: Determination of the range of use the essential oils in various fields of dentistry and determination the actual effectiveness of essential oils in reducing plaque based on available researches.

Keywords


essential oils; tea tree oil; TTO; plaque; dentistry

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alshehri F.A.: The use of mouthwash containing essential oils (LISTERINE®) to improve oral health: A systematic review. Saudi Dent J. 2018;30(1):2–6.

Netuschil L., Weiger R., Preisler R., et al.: Plaque bacteria counts and vitality during chlorhexidine, meridol and listerine mouthrinses. Eur. J. Oral Sci. 1995;103(6):355–361.

Azizan N., Mohd Said S., Zainal Abidin Z., et al.: Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth and Ficus deltoidea Jack against Pathogenic Oral Bacteria 2017; 22(12):21-35.

Curtis MA., Zenobia C., Darveau RP. The relationship of the oral microbiotia to periodontal health and disease. Cell Host Microbe. 2011; 10(4):302-6.

Narayanan LL., Vaishnavi C.: Endodontic microbiology.J Conserv Dent. 2010; 13(4):233-9.

Dagl N., i Dagli R., Said -Mahmoud R., et al.: Essential oils, their therapeutic properties, and implication in dentistry. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015 ; 5(5): 335–340.

Ooi LS., Li Y., Kam SL., et al.: Antimicrobial activities of cinnamon oil and cinnamaldehyde from the Chinese medicinal herb Cinnamomum cassia Blume. Am J Chin Med. 2006; 34:511–22.

Oliveira Jde A., da Silva IC., Trindade LA., et al.: Safety and tolerability of essential oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum blume leaves with action on oral candidosis and its effect on the physical properties of the acrylic resin. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2014. 2014; 325670.

Ranasinghe P., Pigera S., Premakumara GA., et al.: Medicinal properties of ’true’ cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum): A systematic review. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013; 13:275.

Pinto E., Vale-Silva L., Cavaleiro C., et al.: Antifungal activity of the clove essential oil from Syzygium aromaticum on Candida, Aspergillus and dermatophyte species.J Med Microbiol. 2009; 58(11):1454-62.

Elaissi A., Rouis Z., Salem N.A., et al.: Chemical composition of 8 eucalyptus species’ essential oils and the evaluation of their antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012;12:81.

Salvatori C., Barchi L., Guzzo F., et al.: A comparative study of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects of mouthrinse containing tea tree oil. Oral Implantol (Rome). 2017; 10(1):59–70.

Koh KJ., Pearce AL., Marshman G., et al.: Tea tree oil reduces histamine-induced skin inflammation. Br J Dermatol. 2002; 147(6):1212–7.

Saxer UP., Stauble A., Szabo SH., et al.: Effect of mouthwashing with tea tree oil on plaque and inflammation. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2003; 113:985–96.

Bradley BF., Brown SL., Chu S., et al.: Effects of orally administered lavender essential oil on responses to anxiety-provoking film clips. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2009; 24(4):319-30.

Ameer OZ., Salman IM., Asmawi MZ., et al.: Orthosiphon stamineus: traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology. J Med Food. 2012; 15(8):678-90.

Shen Q., Zhou W., Liangbin Hu., et al.: ROS Involves the Fungicidal Actions of Thymol against Spores of Aspergillus flavus via the Induction of Nitric Oxide. PLoS One. 2016; 11(5).

Fizur Nagoor Meeran M. , Javed H., Al Taee H., et al.: Pharmacological Properties and Molecular Mechanisms of Thymol: Prospects for Its Therapeutic Potential and Pharmaceutical Development Front Pharmacol . 2017; 8: 380.

Dias de Castro R., Murielly Pereira Andrade de Souza T., Morais Dornelas Bezerra L., Lacet Silva Ferreira G., Maria Melo de Brito Costa E., and Leite Cavalcanti A.: Antifungal activity and mode of action of thymol and its synergism with nystatin against Candida species involved with infections in the oral cavity: an in vitro study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015; 15: 417.

Sharma N.C., Charles C.H., Qaqish J.G., et al.: Comparative ffectiveness of an essential oil mouthrinse and dental floss in controlling interproximal gingivitis and plaque. Am. J. Dent. 2002; 15(6):351–355.

Marchetti E., Tecco S., Caterini E.: Alcohol-free essential oils containing mouthrinse efficacy on three-day supragingival plaque regrowth: a randomized crossover clinical trial. Trials. 2017;18(1):154.

Vlachojannis C., Chrubasik-Hausmann S., Hellwig E., et al.: A preliminary investigation on the antimicrobial activity of Listerine®, its components, and of mixtures thereof. Phyther. Res. 2015;29(10):1590–1594.

Charles C.A., McGuire J.A., Sharma N.C., et al.: Comparative efficacy of two daily use mouthrinses: randomized clinical trial using an experimental gingivitis model. Braz. Oral Res. 2011;25(4):338–344.

Albert-Kiszely A., Pjetursson B.E., Salvi G.E.: Comparison of the effects of cetylpyridinium chloride with an essential oil mouth rinse on dental plaque and gingivitis – a six-month randomized controlled clinical trial. J. Clin. Periodontol. 2007;34(8):658–667.

Bauroth K., Charles C.H., Mankodi S.M., et al.: The efficacy of an essential oil antiseptic mouthrinse vs. dental floss in controlling interproximal gingivitis: a comparative study. J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 2003;134(3):359–365.

Charugundla BR., Anjum S., Mocherla M.: Comperative effect of fluoride, essential oil and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on dental plaque and gingivitis in patients with and without dental caries: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Dental Hygiene Volume 13, Issue 2.

Bagan J., Vera-Sempere F., Pellín-Carcelén A., et al.: Cytological changes in the oral mucosa after use of a mouth rinse with alcohol: A prospective double blind control study. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012; 17(6): 956–961.

Silverman S, Wilder R.: Antimicrobial mouthrinse as part of a comprehensive oral care regimen. Safety and compliance factors. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;137:22–6.

Arweiler NB, Donos N, Netuschil L, Reich E, et al.: Clinical and antibacterial effect of tea tree oil - A pilot study. Clin Oral Investig 2000;4:70-3.

Soukoulis S, Hirsch R.: The effects of a tea tree oil-containing gel on plaque and chronic gingivitis. Aust Dent J 2004;49:78-83.

Elgendy EA, Ali SA, Zineldeen DH.: Effect of local application of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil gel on long pentraxin level used as an adjunctive treatment of chronic periodontitis: A randomized controlled clinical study. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2013;17(4):444-8.

Dolińska E.,Pietruska M., Paniczko A.,et al.: Ocena wpływu płukanek meridol® i Listerine®na stan przyzębia ogólnie zdrowych osób dorosłych z przewlekłym zapaleniem przyzębia. Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis Roczniki Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie. 2007; 53(3):28–33.

Wyganowska-Swiatkowska M, Urbaniak P, Szkaradkiewicz A, et al.:

Effects of chlorhexidine, essential oils and herbal medicines (Salvia, Chamomile,

Calendula) on human fibroblast in vitro. Cent Eur J Immunol. 2016; 41(2):125-31.

Haffajee AD, Yaskell T, Socransky SS.: Antimicrobial effectiveness of an herbal

mouthrinse compared with an essential oil and a chlorhexidine mouthrinse. J Am

Dent Assoc. 2008; 139(5):606-11.

Charles CA, Cortelli JR, Aquino D, et al.: Gingival health benefits

of essential oil, 0.075% cetylpyridinium chloride and control mouthrinses: A

-week randomized clinical study. Am J Dent. 2015; 28(4):197-202.

Wikén Albertsson K, Persson A, van Dijken JW.: Effect of essential oils

containing and alcohol-free chlorhexidine mouthrinses on cariogenic

micro-organisms in human saliva. Acta Odontol Scand. 2013; 71(3-4):883-91.

West NX, Addy M, Newcombe R, et al.: A randomised crossover trial to compare the potential of stannous fluoride and essential oil mouth rinses to induce tooth and tongue staining. Clin Oral Investig. 2012;16(3):821-6.

Araujo W.B, Charles C.A, Weinstein R, et al.:Meta-analysis of the effect of an essential oil–containing mouthrinse on gingivitis and plaque. 2015; 11(2).

Alshehri M, Alshail F, Aldosary KM, et al.: Comparison of an

essential-oil-based oral rinse and chlorhexidine as adjuncts to scaling and root

planing in the treatment of periodontal inflammation. Interv Med Appl Sci. 2015;7(2):78-84.

Kim S., Kim HJ., Yeo JS., et al.: The effect of lavender oil on stress, bispectral index values, and needle insertion pain in volunteers. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Sep;17(9):823-6.

Al-Radha AS., Younes C., Diab BS., et al.: Essential oils and zirconia dental implant materials. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2013 Nov-Dec;28(6):1497-505.

Benbelaïd F., Khadir A., Abdoune MA., et al.: Antimicrobial activity of some essential oils against oral multidrug-resistant Enterococcus faecalis in both planktonic and biofilm state. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014;4(6):463-72.

Mazutti da Silva SM., Rezende Costa CR., Martins Gelfuso G., et al.: Wound Healing Effect of Essential Oil Extracted from Eugenia dysenterica DC (Myrtaceae) Leaves. Molecules. 2018 Dec 20;24(1)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2604410

Refbacks





Copyright (c) 2019 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)