SEMG amplitude of the erector spinae in children with scoliotic lesions

Jacek Wilczyński, Przemysław Karolak, Sylwia Janecka, Magdalena Kabała, Natalia Habik-Tatarowska, Żaneta Wypych


The aim of the study was to analyze the amplitude of SEMG rectifier spine in children with scoliotic changes. SEMG amplitude rectifier back of the camera has been studied Noraxon TeleMyo DTS. The shape of the spine was estimated optoelectronic method Diers formetric III 4D. The research was Carried out in the Posturology Laboratory at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UJK in Kielce (Poland). In the group of children with scoliosis curvature of the most frequently occurred on the location of the rib. In girls, it represented (62%) in boys (56%). Univariate analysis of variance showed significant differences among boys in intra-amplitude measurements SEMG variable lower limbs up the left side of the lumbar. Means, that the value of the amplitude distribution SEMG rectifier ridge in the study of lower limbs up the left side of the lumbar differed significantly between the groups scoliotic attitudes, scoliosis and normal. The amplitude of SEMG rectifier ridge in the study of lower limbs up the lumbar left was the lowest in the group of scoliosis. Due to the fact that a group of boys with scoliosis had most of the left-hand direction of curvature in the lumbar region, we can conclude that the greater the amplitude of SEMG rectifier occurred at the back of the concave side of the curvature of the lumbar spine.


amplitude SEMG rectifier dorsal scoliosis posture in idiopathic scoliosis; Noraxon TeleMyo DTS Diers formetric III 4D

Full Text:



Tylman D. Patomechanika bocznych skrzywień kręgosłupa. Sewerus, Warszawa 1995.

Głowacki M, Kotwicki T, Pucher A. Skrzywienie kręgosłupa. W: Wiktora Degi Ortopedia i Rehabilitacja. Red. W Marciniak A Szulc. PZWL, Warszawa 2008.

Domagalska ME, Szopa AJ, Lembert DT. A descriptive analysis of abnormal postural patterns in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Med Sci Monit. 2011; 17 (2): CR110-6.

Nowotny J, Cieśla T. Neurofizjologiczne aspekty kształtowania postawy ciała. Spondyliatra, 1988, 2, 2/3: 24-27.

Matyja M. Neurorozwojowa analiza wad postawy ciała u dzieci i młodzieży. AWF, Katowice 2012.

Matyja M, Gogola A. Prognozowanie rozwoju postawy dzieci na podstawie analizy jakości napięcia posturalnego w okresie niemowlęcym. Neurologia Dziecięca 2007; 1 6, 3 2: 49-56.

Domagalska M. Czupryna K, Szopa A, i wsp. Wzorce postawno-lokomocyjne u dzieci z mózgowym porażeniem dziecięcym a programowanie rehabilitacji. Fizjoterapia Polska 2007, 7, 3: 320-332.

Domagalska M., Nowotny J, Szopa A. i wsp. Kompensacyjne przemieszczenia poszczególnych segmentów ciała w płaszczyźnie czołowej u dzieci z mózgowym porażeniem dziecięcym. Fizjoterapia Polska 2005, 5, 2:127-133.

Nowotny J. i wsp. Niektóre wzorce postawy, a zaburzenia lokomocji u dzieci z mózgowym porażeniem dziecięcym. Fizjoterapia Pol., 2005, 5, 2: 228-234.

Nowotny J, Nowotny- Czupryna O, Czupryna K. Reedukacja posturalna w systemie stacyjnym. WSA, Bielsko Biała 2008.

Domagalska ME Neurophysiological aspects of diagnosis and therapy in posture deviations. In: Faults of body Posture in children and youth. Prophylaxis – Diagnosis – therapy. Ed. J Nowotny. WWSA, Bielsko Biała 2009: 31-56.

Oliva-Pascual-Vaca Á, Heredia-Rizo AM, Barbosa-Romero A, Oliva-Pascual-Vaca J, Rodríguez-Blanco C, Tejero-García S. Assessment of paraspinal muscle hardness in subjects with a mild single scoliosis curve: a preliminary myotonometer study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2014; 37 (5): 326-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2014.03.001.

Kwok G, Yip J, Cheung MC, Yick KL. Evaluation of Myoelectric Activity of Paraspinal Muscles in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis during Habitual Standing and Sitting. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:958450. doi: 10.1155/2015/958450.

Du HG, Ye SL, Xu JY, Jiang Z, Song HQ, Yu JW. Application of surface electromyography in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with traditional spinal balanced therapy]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2013; 26 (11): 914-7.

Bruyneel A.V., Chavet P., Bollini G., Ebermeyer E., Mesure S. Idiopathic scoliosis and balance organisation in seated position on a seesaw. European Spine Journal 2010, 19, 5: 739-46.

Bruyneel A.V., Chavet P., Ebermeyer E., Mesure S. Idiopathic scoliosis: relations between the Cobb angle and the dynamical strategies when sitting on a seesaw. Eur Spine J. 2011, 20, 2: 247-53.

Burwell R.G., Aujla R.K., Grevitt M.P., Dangerfield P.H., Moulton A., Randell T.L., Anderson S.I. Pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in girls - a double neuro-osseous theory involving disharmony between two nervous systems, somatic and autonomic expressed in the spine and trunk: possible dependency on sympathetic nervous system and hormones with implications for medical therapy. Scoliosis 2009, 31, 4, 1: 24.

Burwell R.G, Aujla R.K, Grevitt M.P. et. al. Anderson S.I. A new approach to the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: interaction between risk factors involving a diverse network of causal developmental pathways. Clin. Anat. 2011, 24, 3: 384.

Tecco S, Mummolo S, Marchetti E, Tetè S, Campanella V, Gatto R, Gallusi G, Tagliabue A, Marzo G. sEMG activity of masticatory, neck, and trunk muscles during the treatment of scoliosis with functional braces. A longitudinal controlled study. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011 Dec;21(6):885-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2011.08.004.

Tsai YT, Leong CP, Huang YC, Kuo SH, Wang HC, Yeh HC, Lau YC. The electromyographic responses of paraspinal muscles during isokinetic exercise in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis with a Cobb's angle less than fifty degrees. Chang Gung Med J. 2010 Sep-Oct;33(5):540-50.

Becker S, Bergamo F, Schnake KJ, Schreyer S, Rembitzki IV, Disselhorst-Klug C. The relationship between functionality and erector spinae activity in patients with specific low back pain during dynamic and static movements. Gait Posture 2018; 66: 208-213. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.08.042.

Ajrezo L, Wiener-Vacher S, Bucci MP. Saccades improve postural control: a developmental study in normal children. PLoS One. 2013; 21, 8 (11): e81066. https://doi: 10.1371/journal. pone.0081066.

Bazrgari B, Xia T. Application of advanced biomechanical methods in studying low back pain - recent development in estimation of lower back loads and large-array surface electromyography and findings. J Pain Res 2017; 10: 1677-1685.

Berdishevsky H, Lebel VA , Bettany-Saltikov J, Rigo M, Lebel A, Hennes A, Romano M, Białek M, M'hango A, Betts T, de Mauroy JC. Physiotherapy scoliosis-specific exercises - a comprehensive review of seven major schools. Scoliosis Spinal Disord 2016; 4: 11-20.

Bettany-Saltikov J, Weiss HR , Chockalingam N, Taranu R, Srinivas S, Hogg J, Whittaker V, Kalyan RV, Arnell T. Surgical versus non-surgical interventions in people with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; 4: 106.

Asher MA, Burton DC. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: natural history and long term treatment effects. Scoliosis 2006; 1: 2.

Brussé IA, Visser GH, van der Marel IC, Facey-Vermeiden S, Steegers EA, Duvekot JJ. Electromyographically recorded patellar reflex in normotensive pregnant women and patients with preeclampsia. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2015; 94: 376-382.

Farahpour N, Younesian H, Bahrpeyma F. Electromyographic activity of erector spinae and external oblique muscles during trunk lateral bending and axial rotation in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and healthy subjects. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2015; 30 (5): 411-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2015.03.018.

Mahaudens P, Banse X, Mousny M, Detrembleur C. Gait in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: kinematics and electromyographic analysis. Eur Spine J. 2009; 18 (4): 512-21. doi: 10.1007/s00586-009-0899-7.

Bobath K. Neurophysiological basis for the treatment of cerebral palsy clinics in developmental medicine. The spastic society and Wiliam Heinemann Medical Books. London, 1980.

Wilczyński J, Habik-Tatarowska N, Mierzwa-Molenda M, Sowińska.A, Kasprzak A, Wypych Ż, Zieliński R. SEMG frequency of the spine rectifier in children with scoliotic lesions. Journal of Education, Health and Sport 2018; 8, 11: 81-98. DOI zenodo. 1471624.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski