The correlation between measles vaccination rate of children in Poland and incidence rate of this disease from 1998 to 2017 and in Italy from 2012 to 2017

Dorota Sokół, Michał Dobrzyński, Arkadiusz Standyło, Tomasz Skubel, Jakub Czarnota, Halina Piecewicz-Szczęsna


Introduction. Measles is a highly contagious disease capable of inducing epidemics, which strike every 2 to 3 years. Before implementing the vaccine in 1963 measles was devastating communities leading to 135 million of victims and 6 million died because of the disease around the world. Nowadays in Europe we observe a disturbing rise of the measles incidence rate and even deaths from the disease. The epidemiologic analysis will allow to draw attention to how important and prevailing this problem is in the polish health care system.
The aim of the study is to analyse the current epidemiologic situation concerning the relationship between the vaccination and incidence rate of measles in Poland from 1999-2017 and Italy from 2012-2017.
Materials and methods. The data used for the epidemiologic analysis was taken from “Choroby zakaźne i zatrucia w Polsce” and “Szczepienia ochronne w Polsce” reports conducted by the National Hygiene Institute. Moreover, data from the World Health Organization reports.
Results. The dropping immunization rate among children correlating with a more frequent measles outbreaks in the last years is disturbing. Immunization rate for the basic dose and booster dose for Poland is about 94% and for Italy about 92% (2017 data). Incidence rate totals respectively 8,4 per 100 thousand for Italy and 0,16 per 100 thousand for Poland.
Conclusions. We need to draw parents attention to the fact that measles is still a huge and real threat. We also need to educate them that the most effective way to protect their children from getting sick is the vaccine. Moreover, awareness in society regarding the herd immunity must be increased because the contagious diseases like measles are the most dangerous to people who cannot be vaccinated.


measles; epidemic; vaccines; herd immunity

Full Text:



James L. Goodson, Jane F. Seward Measles 50 Years After Use of Measles Vaccine, Elsevier, (access 13.08.2018r.)

Végh Mihály, Hári-Kovács, Roth Hans-Walter, Facskó Andrea Ophthalmological symptoms of measles and their treatment, Akadémiai Kiadó, 24.09.2017 (access 13.08.2018 r.)

Brenda L. Tesini Measles, Merck Manual, luty 2018r. (access 13.08.2018r.)

Dariusz Nowicki, Lucyna Gajewska, Krystyn Andrzej Sosada Ognisko zachorowań na odrę zarejestrowane w powiatowej stacji sanitarno-epidemiologicznej w Częstochowie w 2013 roku, Przegląd Epidemiologiczny, 2014r. (access 13.08.2018r.)

Rota PA, Moss WJ, Takeda M, de Swart RL, Thompson KM, Goodson JL Measles, PubMed, 14.07.2016, (access 13.08.2018 r.)

Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego – Państwowy Zakład Higieny Szczepionka przeciw odrze, 31.08.2018, (access 02.09.2018 r.)

Małgorzata Solecka Włochy: jest nowe prawo dotyczące szczepień, Medycyna Praktyczna, 31.07.2017,,wlochy-jest-nowe-prawo-dotyczace-szczepien (access 13.08.2018r.)

Measles vaccines: WHO position paper, Weekly Epidemiological Record, 2009, nr 35, str. 349-360 (access 13.08.2018 r.)

Communicable Disease Threats Report, 7-13 May 2017, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (access 13.08.2018 r.)

Małgorzata Solecka Ponad 30 tys. odmów szczepień w 2017 r., Medycyna Praktyczna, 23.02.2018,ponad-30-tysiecy-odmow-szczepien-w-2017-roku (access 13.08.2018 r.)

Małgorzata Solecka Włochy: odra nie odpuszcza, rekordowa liczba zachorowań, MedycynaPraktyczna,08.05.2017,wlochy-odra-nie-odpuszcza-rekordowa-liczba-zachorowan (access 13.08.2018r.)

WHO vaccine-preventable diseases: monitoring system. 2018 global summary. Coverage time series for Italy, 15.07 2018, World Health Organization (access 13.08.2018r.)

Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego – Państwowy Zakład Higieny Aktualne dane epidemiologiczne o zachorowaniach na odrę w Europie w 2017 roku, 12.02.2018 (access 13.08.2018r.)

Sistema di Sorveglianza Integrata Morbillo e Rosolia Morbillo in Italia: bollettino settimanale,12.12.2017 (access 13.08.2018r.)

Zwiększona zachorowalność na odrę i ogniska epidemiczne w Regionie Europejskim w 2011 roku, Increased transmission and outbreaks of measles – European Region, 2011. MMWR, 2011; 60 (47): 1605–1610. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MedycynaPraktyczna,13.08.2012,zwiekszona-zachorowalnosc-na-odre-i-ogniska-epidemiczne-w-regionie-europejskim-w-2011-roku (access 13.08.2018r.)

Małgorzata Solecka Powrót odry w Europie stał się faktem, Medycyna Praktyczna, 26.02.2018,powrot-odry-w-europie-stal-sie-faktem (access 03.09.2018r.)

Measles and Rubella Surveillance Data, World Health Organization, 13.08.2018, (access 02.09.2018r.)



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski