Assessment of basic knowledge on colorectal cancer and its prophylaxis in people living in small city and countryside

Anna Roszkowska, Justyna Kwolczak, Łukasz Świerszcz, Halina Piecewicz-Szczęsna


Introduction: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the world in men (660,000 cases, 10%) and the second in women (570,000 cases, 9%). Almost 60% of cases occur in developed countries. Colorectal cancer is second most common type of cancer in European countries, after lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women. Mortality from colorectal cancer in Poland is higher among men than the average for European Union countries - in 2010, the mortality rate was about 50% higher than the average for European Union countries.
Materials and methods: Voluntary and anonymous research was conducted in 2017 and 2018 among 300 adult people, who were randomly selected. The study used the method of a diagnostic survey, while the research tool consisted of original questionnaire. The questionnaire contained 16 questions. The collected material was subjected to descriptive analysis. Values of the analyzed parameters were measured on a nominal scale and characterized by means of numbers and percentages. The data elaboration was based on a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet.
Results: In reference to the collected data, vast majority agreed genetical factor to be crucial in developing of colorectal cancer, as 83% of subjects choose this answer in a multiple-choice question. Another multiple-choice question revealed that almost all questioned people associated rectal bleeding with symptoms of colorectal cancer – 94%. 29% of respondent admitted having a colonoscopy. Furthermore, over a half of respondents is aware of existing prophylactic programs in Poland.
Conclusions: In reference to the survey, little of respondents perceive alcohol and red meat as risk factor for colorectal cancer development. Respondents who admitted having colonoscopy account for way too little group of people, from a perspective of analyzed age group. Still, little of them admitted seeing a doctor after suspicious signs/symptoms occurred.


colorectal cancer; screening; prophylaxis; health education

Full Text:



Wojciechowska U, Didkowska J. Zachorowania i zgony na nowotwory złośliwe w Polsce. Krajowy Rejestr Nowotworów, Centrum Onkologii - Instytut im. Marii Skłodowskiej - Curie. Dostępne na stronie dostęp z dnia dzień/miesiąc/rok.

Cancer Today [cytowane z dn. 7 wrzesień 2018].

Krebs - Database Query

Datenbankabfrage/EN/datenbankabfrage_stufe2_form.html [cytowane z dn. 2 wrzesień 2018].

NORDCAN [cytowane 7 wrzesień 2018].

Cancer Statistics [cytowane z dn. 7 wrzesień 2018].

European Cancer Information System$0-1 [cytowane z dn. 2 wrzesień 2018].

Bhurgri H, Samiullah S. Colon Cancer Screening - Is It Time Yet? J Coll Physicians Surg--Pak JCPSP. czerwiec 2017;27(6):327–8.

von Karsa L, Patnick J, Segnan N, Atkin W, Halloran S, Lansdorp-Vogelaar I, i in. European guidelines for quality assurance in colorectal cancer screening and diagnosis: Overview and introduction to the full Supplement publication. Endoscopy. 2013;45(1):51–9.

Colorectal cancer screening: An updated review of the available options. [cytowane z dn. 7 wrzesień 2018].



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski