Knowledge and Skills of Hands-only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training among Secondary School Students: An Interventional Study

Khadeja H Magadi, Manal F Alharbi, Aziza T Soliman, Maha A Alashmawy

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)Training program (hands only) on retention of knowledge and skills among secondary school female students in Riyadh city. Methodology: An intervention study was conducted. The sample was recruited by multistage sampling to elaborate the targeted schools for research implementation. The allocated school was in Riyadh city, with 92 Female Secondary School. The capacity of this school was 508 students, and 117 students who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and checklist skills evaluation sheet. Results: In light of the current study findings, the majority of the students were between 17 and 19 years. The present study showed that almost 100% of students were willing to learn CPR; 81.2% and 76.9% of students felt comfortable and confident to perform CPR when needed directly after training and a 4-month follow up, respectively. All students reported that they benefitted from the program. In general, it was found that BLS knowledge was very poor before training while students’ retention of the knowledge and skills ranged from fair to poor after 4-month follow up. Conclusion: Although the current study has only examined female students in secondary schools which limit the generalizability of the result, it provides additional evidence with respect to the Ministry of Education and health care service sector to collaborate and introduce the basic life support program into the school curriculum. National programs are needed by well-equipped nurses for teachers and students in schools regarding basic life support and emergency first aid through the Saudi Ministry of Health in cooperation with nongovernmental societies.

Keywords


basic life support, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, retention, students, knowledge, practice, opinion.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Rizzo DC. Fundamentals of anatomy and physiology. New York: Delmar Cengage Learning; 2015.

Fernandes JMG, Leite ALdS, Auto BdSD, Lima JEGd, Rivera IR, Mendonça MA. Teaching basic life support to students of public and private high schools. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2014;102(6):593–601.

Sayre MR, Berg RA, Cave DM, Page RL, Potts J, White RD. Hands-only (compression-only) cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a call to action for bystander response to adults who experience out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest. Circulation. 2008;117(16):2162–7.

Bollig G, Myklebust AG, Østringen K. Effects of first aid training in the kindergarten—a pilot study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2011;19(1):13.

Warnes CA, Williams RG, Bashore TM, Child JS, Connolly HM, Dearani JA et al. ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease: Executive summary - A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease). Circulation. 2008 Dec 2;118(23):2395-2451. Available from, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.190811

Stiell I, Nichol G, Wells G, De Maio V, Nesbitt L, Blackburn J, et al. Health-related quality of life is better for cardiac arrest survivors who received citizen cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Circulation. 2003;108(16):1939–44.

Thom T, Haase N, Rosamond W, Howard VJ, Rumsfeld J, Manolio T, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2006 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation. 2006;113(6):e85.

Conroy KM, Jolin SW. Cardiac arrest in Saudi Arabia: a 7-year experience in Riyadh. J Emerg Med. 1999;17(4):617–23.

Berhanu A, Salleeh B. Out-of-hospital adult cardiac arrests in a university hospital in Central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2015;36(12):1500.

Meissner TM, Kloppe C, Hanefeld C. Basic life support skills of high school students before and after cardiopulmonary resuscitation training: a longitudinal investigation. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2012;20(1):31.

Alanazi A, Bin-Hotan AM, ALhalyabah H, Alanazi A, Al-oraibi S. Community awareness about cardiopulmonary resuscitation among secondary school students in Riyadh. World J Med Sci. 2013;8(3):186e9.

Goniewicz M, Chemperek E, Mikuła A. Attitude of students of high schools in Lublin towards the problem of first aid. Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland: 1960). 2001;55(Pt 2):679–85.

Connolly M, Toner P, Connolly D, McCluskey D. The “ABC for life” programme—teaching basic life support in schools. Resuscitation. 2007;72(2):270–9.

Rajeswaran L, Ehlers VJ. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and skills of registered nurses in Botswana. Curationis. 2014;37(1):1–7.

American Heart Association guideline for CPR & ECG [Internet]. 2015 [cited October 15, 2015]. Available from: https://eccguidelines.heart.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/2015-AHA-Guidelines-Highlights-English.pdf


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)