The Differences on the Effect of Low Impact and High Impact Aerobic Exercise Against The Decreasing of Total Cholesterol Levels on Women

Rudi Ruhardi, S Sugiyanto, M. Furqon Hidayatullah

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this research was to know and to analyze (1) the differences of intensity effect between low impact aerobic and high impact aerobic on the decreasing of total blood cholesterol levels, (2) the decreasing differences of total blood cholesterol levels between early adult women and middle adult women, (3) the interaction effects between the intensity of aerobic exercise and adulthood women on the decrease of total blood cholesterol levels.
Subject and Method: This research employed an experimental method consisting of independent variables and dependen variable. The research used experimental method with 2x2 factorial design. The population was all of members of Community Healthy Ambassador of Nursing Center Budinersalindo Wonogiri.
Result: The results of two ways anava test obtained F count value calculated on aerobic exercise intensity group amount 23.88 , F count value > F table (23.88 > 3.39 ), it means that there was a difference of total cholesterol level in intensity group of low impact and high impact aerobic exercise. The results of the test in the age group of adult women obtained the F count value amount 10.45, the F count value > F table (10.45 > 3.39 ), it means that there was a difference in total cholesterol levels in the age group of early adult women and middle adult women. The result of interaction test (A X B) obtained F count value amount 1.86, F count < F table (1.86 < 3.39), it means that there was no interaction effect between aerobic exercise and age group.
Conclution: The conclusions of this research were (1) there were differences effects between intensity of low impact and high impact aerobic exercise toward the decrease of total blood cholesterol level; the low impact aerobic had better decrease than the high impact aerobic had, (2) there were differences of the decrease of total blood cholesterol levels between early adult women and middle adult women; the middle adult women had better decrease than the early adult women had (3) there was no interaction effect between aerobic exercise and adult women toward the decrease of total blood cholesterol levels

Keywords


Low Impact; High Impact; Aerobic; Cholesterol; Adult Women

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dinata, M. (2007) Langsing dengan Aerobik. Jakarta: Cerdas Jaya.

Guyton, J. R. (2007) ‘Niacin in cardiovascular prevention: mechanisms, efficacy, and safety.’, Current opinion in lipidology, 18(4), pp. 415–420. doi: Chronic ischaemic mitral regurgitation. Current treatment results and new mechanism-based surgical approaches☆.

Hurlock (1991) Psikologi Perkembangan suatu Pendidikan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Hurlock (2002) Psikologi Perkembangan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Khafadi, B. S. & M. B. (2010) Pendidikan Jasmani Olahraga Dan Kesehatan. Jakarta: Pusat Perbukuan Kemendiknas 2010.

Margono, A. (2009) Senam. Surakarta: UNS Press.

Notoatmodjo S (2008) ‘Promosi Kesehatan: Teori dan Aplikasi’. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Okura (2003) ‘Serum cystatin C level is a marker of end-organ damage in patients with essential hypertension’. Hypertension Research, 26, pp. 895–899.

Sudjana (1992) Metode Statistika. 5th edn. Bandung: Tarsito.

Suroto (2004) Buku Pegangan Kuliah Pengertian Senam, Manfaat Senam dan Urutan Gerakan. Semarang: Unit Pelaksana Teknis Mata Kuliah Umum Olahraga Undip.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/m9.figshare.6983204

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)