Malnutrition of the oncological patient - diagnosis and prevention

Małgorzata Nartowicz, Aleksandra Jaworska-Czerwińska, Sonia Nartowicz, Magda Kucharczuk

Abstract


Introduction: Malnutrition is an important medical problem which affects more than half of patients at the time of diagnosis of cancer, before any treatment begins. Deficits of nutrients in this group of patients have enormous impact on the course of the disease, tolerance of anti-cancer treatment, quality of life and mortality. Weight loss is observed in 30% to over 80% of patients and depends on the type of cancer, location and its severity.
Abnormal nutritional status is also one of the causes of a weaker response to the applied anti-cancer treatment (both local and systemic) and, consequently, probably worse prognosis and shorter survival time, and more frequent occurrence of adverse effects and severe complications of anti-cancer therapy that force premature its completion. Patients with malnutrition occurs increased incidence of infectious complications, which worsens their prognosis. Worse healing of wounds after surgical procedures is observed, patient stays longer in the hospital, and the date of commencement of adjuvant treatment goes away. Cancer cachexia may result in feelings of weakness, fatigue, and increase the risk of depression and aggravate the general condition.
The aim of the work is to present the essence of the problem which is malnutrition, especially in oncological patients.
Summary: Proper nutrition, adapted to the current clinical situation and covering demand, is still an underestimated element of treatment of patients. Properly conducted nutritional therapy in oncological patients is an important element of treatment, because it creates optimal conditions for recovery and reduces the risk of relapse.

Keywords


nutritional treatment, cancer, nutritional status

Full Text:

PDF

References


Neubauer K, Niedożywienie u dorosłych [w]: pod red Poniewierka E, Dietetyka kliniczna, UM we Wrocławiu, Wrocław 2016, str 22-

Tokajuk A, Car H, Wojtukiewicz M, Problem niedożywienia u chorych na nowotwory, Medycyna Paliatywna w Praktyce 2015; 9, 1: 23–29

Szczygieł B, Pertkiewicz M, Majewska K. Niedożywienie i jego następstwa [w]: pod red Szczygieł B i Socha J, Żywienie pozajelitowe i dojelitowe w chirurgii, Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL, Warszawa 1994, str 19- -20

Kłęk S i in Standardy leczenia żywieniowego w onkologii, Onkologia w Praktyce Klinicznej, 2015, 1,1 , str 19-363

Bozzetti F, Meyenfeld M , Orawczyk T; Leczenie żywieniowe w chorobach nowotworowych [w] Leczenie żywieniowe w różnych sytuacjach klinicznych [w] Podstawy żywienia klinicznego pod red Sobotka L, Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL, Warszawa 2008, str 395

Jarosz M, Sajór I, Rola żywienia w leczeniu nowotworów złośliwych [w]: Praktyczny podręcznik dietetyki pod red Jarosza, Wydawnictwo IŻŻ, Warszawa 2012, str 415-417

Rogulska A, Postępowanie dietetyczne w niedożywieniu, PZWL, Warszawa, 2010, 10-20

Szczygieł B, Rozpoznanie niedożywienia [w]: pode red Szczygieł B, Niedożywieni związane z chorobą, Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL, Warszawa 2011, str 29-35

Krwaczyk J, Świeboda-Sadlej A, Interwencje żywieniowe u chorych na nowotwory złośliwe, Współczesna Onkologia, 2010, 14, 6,: 397-402

Fizia K i in. Metody oceny stanu odżywiania u chorych na nowotwory, Pielęgniarstwo Polskie 2013, 2(48), 105-110




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/m9.figshare.6981623

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)