Post-traumatic stress disorder

Marta Sarnowska, Anna Leśków, Małgorzata Tarnowska, Andrzej Wysocki, Marek Pieńkowski, Joanna Rosińczuk

Abstract


Post-traumatic stress is observed in people who have been directly exposed to traumatic mental and physical stimuli in the form of post-traumatic stress disorder of systemic reactions. Not only soldiers returning from military missions are affected by it, but also victims of all kinds of disasters, rescuers, providing the former with assistance, people pursuing the stress-related professions, including firefighters, paramedics, as well as fans of extreme sports and people, who have experienced unusual situations, such as death of a beloved person, divorce or a traffic accident. The stress symptoms follow the triggering factor. Reaction of the limbic system, associated with the circulation of emotional state, which takes place in the Papez area, causing a variety of vegetative symptoms, especially the circulatory ones, has a vital role to play. The consequences of post-traumatic stress affect both mental and emotional changes, as well as the changes in dynamic stereotype, and they also manifest indirect effects in the family life of an entity and its immediate surrounding. It is important to provide the people affected by post-traumatic stress syndrome with psychological and psychiatric care. The purpose of this article is to review the available literature data on both the post-traumatic stress disorder and its consequences as well as to focus on the key issues related to the prevention and assistance provided for people affected by the syndrome.

Keywords


stress; post-traumatic stress disorder; moral injury

Full Text:

PDF

References


Pole N. The psychophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analysis. Psychol Bull 2007;133:725–46.

Yehuda R, Hoge CW, McFarlane AC, Vermetten E, Lanius RA, Nievergelt CM, et al. Post-traumatic stress disorder. Nat Rev Dis Prim 2015;1:15057. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2015.57.

Kirkpatrick HA, Heller GM. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Theory and Treatment Update. Int J Psychiatry Med 2014;47:337–46. doi:10.2190/PM.47.4.h.

Lisieski MJ, Eagle AL, Conti AC, Liberzon I, Perrine SA. Single-Prolonged Stress: A Review of Two Decades of Progress in a Rodent Model of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Front Psychiatry 2018;9:196. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00196.

Całkosiński I, Rosińczuk-Tonderys J, Janeczek M, Florek M, Dobrzyński M, Chrószcz A. Terroryzm w czasach antycznych. In: Żuber M, editor. Katastr. Nat. i cywilizacyjne różne oblicza bezpieczeństwa, Wrocław: Wyższa Szkoła Oficerska Wojsk Lądowych im. gen. T. Kościuszki; 2010, p. 137–52.

Kessler R. Posttraumatic stress disorder: The burden to the individual and to society. J Clin Psychiatry 2000;61:4–14.

Całkosiński I, Sarnowska M, Kaciuban M, Zienkiewicz A, Szwec A, Rosińczuk-Tonderys J. Mechanizm i skutki reakcji stresowej. Współczesne Pielęgniarstwo i Ochr Zdrowia 2013;2:33–5.

Gworys B, Rosińczuk-Tonderys J, Chrószcz A, Janeczek M, Dwojak A, Bazan J, et al. Assessment of late Neolithic pastoralist’s life conditions from the Wroclaw–Jagodno site (SW Poland) on the basis of physiological stress markers. J Archaeol Sci 2013;40:2621–30. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2013.02.002.

Zienkiewicz A, Leśków A, Księżyc M, Rosinczuk J, Całkosińska A, Szopa M, et al. Combat related post-traumatic stress disorder - causes, symptoms and consequences. J Sci Mil Acad L FORCES 2016;48:42–9.

Reber A. Słownik psychologii. Warszawa: Scholar; 2002.

Selye H. Stress in Health and Disease. Elsevier Science; 1976.

Litzcke S, Wojdak-Piątkowska M, Schuh H. Stres, mobbing i wypalenie zawodowe. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne; 2007.

Łosiak W. Psychologia stresu. Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne; 2008.

Lis-Turlejska M. Traumatyczny stres : koncepcje i badania. Wydaw. Instytutu Psychologii PAN; 1998.

Carson RC (1930-)., Butcher JN (1933-)., Mineka S, Dietrich W. Psychologia zaburzeń : [człowiek we współczesnym świecie]. Vol. 2. Gdańskie Wydaw. Psychologiczne; 2003.

Bryant RA (1960-)., Harvey AG (1968-)., Suchecki J (1950-). Zespół ostrego stresu : teoria, pomiar, terapia. Wydaw. Naukowe PWN; 2003.

Rathus SA, Wojciszke B (1952-). Psychologia współczesna. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne; 2004.

Hoge CW, Terhakopian A, Castro CA, Messer SC, Engel CC. Association of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With Somatic Symptoms, Health Care Visits, and Absenteeism Among Iraq War Veterans. Am J Psychiatry 2007;164:150–3. doi:10.1176/ajp.2007.164.1.150.

Mietzel G (1936-)., Arentewicz J, Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne. Wprowadzenie do psychologii. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne; 2014.

Zimbardo PG, Sword RM, Sword RKM. The time cure : overcoming PTSD with the new psychology of time perspective therapy. Jossey-Bass; 2012.

Wojtacha A. Kruchy lód. Dziennikarze na wojnie. Warszawa: Carta Blanca; 2012.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1346109

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)