Immunological Oral Health Status of the Poultry Plants Employees

O. I. Kardashevska


Study of periodontal diseases gives us grounds for making a generalized conclusion that an appearance of abnormal changes in tissues holding teeth takes place on change of overall health and as a result of the influence of a set of internal and external factors, which define an approach to the treatment and prevention of these diseases. Despite automation and mechanization of poultry plants, much more poultry plants employees are influenced by adverse factors of production that leads to occupational diseases, partially to periodontal diseases. The aim of our work was to investigate a condition of the local nonspecific immunity among poultry plants employees having periodontal diseases. In research 50 poultry breeders having generalized periodontitis, who made a basic group, and 20 persons with generalized periodontitis forming a comparison group, who were not in contact with birds, took part. Findings were compared with data of 20 somatically healthy persons from the control group. In order to study a condition of the local resistance at generalized periodontitis under the influence of harmful factors of poultry production, certain immunity factors of capillary blood of gums and oral fluid were examined: IgM, IgG, IgA, SIgA, phagocytic index (PhI) and phagocytic number (PhN). The most significant changes in the local nonspecific protection factors were found among patients of the basic group: content of serum IgA was significantly below normal: 1,82±0,11 g/l. Increase in production of IgМ and IgG at decreasing content of IgA among persons from the basic group was indicative of functional tension of immunity humoral arm on antigen stimulation with streptococcal infection. A significant deficiency of SIgA in oral fluid (0,62±0,03 g/l) was detected that was two times less than values of the control group and by 1.3 less than in the comparison group. Phagocytosis percent, phagocytic number, and phagocytic index among the patients of the basic group were much higher if to be compared with the comparison and control groups. That was indicative of decrease in appropriate immune response among them. Thus, the findings have shown that permanent immunodysfunctions among the poultry plants employees having generalized periodontitis are increasing under the influence of the occupational pathogens related to poultry production.


periodontal diseases, poultry plants employees, immunological oral health status

Full Text:



Andriievskyi Yu. O., Stovbun A.V. Suchasnyi stan okhorony pratsi v Ukraini / Yu. O. Andriievskyi, A. V. Stovbun // Okhorona pratsi i pozhezhna bezpeka. – 2011. – № 4. – S. 24–30.

Basanets A.V. Problemy professyonalnoi patolohyy v Ukrayne y puty ykh reshenyia na sovremennom etape /A.V. Basanets, O.P. Krasniuk, I.P. Lubianova // Hihiienichna nauka ta profilaktyka na rubezhi stolit: materialy XIV zizdu hihiienistiv Ukrainy.– Dnipropetrovsk, 2003.– S. 38-40.

Belyakov I.M. Immunnaya sistema slizistyh / I.M. Belyakov // Immunologiya. – 1997. – № 4. – S. 7–13.

Biohimicheskie markery vospaleniya tkanej rotovoj polosti: metodicheskie rekomendacii / A. P. Levickij, O. V. Den'ga, O. A. Makarenko [i dr]. – Odessa: KP OGT, 2010. – 16 s.

Borisenko A.V. Sovremennye klassifikacii zabolevanij parodonta / A.V. Borisenko // Sovremennaya stomatologiya. – 2007. – № 4. – S. 38–44.

Bulgakova A. I. Vliyanie mestnogo immuniteta desny i rotovoj polosti na techenie hronicheskogo parodontita / A. I. Bulgakova // Novoe v stomatologii. – 2002. – № 10. – S. 90−94.

Vavilova T. P. Ispol'zovanie pokazatelej smeshannoj slyuny v ocenke sostoyaniya tkanej parodonta / T. P. Vavilova // Rossijskij stomatologicheskij zhurnal. – 2010. − № 1. – S. 10−12.

Gazhva S.I. Analiz kliniko-immunologicheskogo statusa polosti rta u pacientov s hronicheskim generalizovannym parodontitom legkoj i srednej stepenej tyazhesti pri ispol'zovanii antibakterial'nyh sredstv / S.I. Gazhva, A.I. Voronina, O.V. SHkarednaya // Stomatologiya. – 2010. – № 3. – S. 30–33.

Hodovana O.I., Zabolotnyi T.D., Lutsyk B.D. Imuno-mikrobiolohichni aspekty perebihu zapalnykh zakhvoriuvan parodontu v umovakh shkidlyvoho vyrobnytstva // Ukr. stomat. almanakh. – 2002. – №1. – S. 12-17.

Dobrovolska M. K. Stan biotsenozu klinichnykh zuboiasennykh kyshen khvorykh na heneralizovanyi parodontyt / M. K. Dobrovolska, V. M. Helei, N. I. Helei // Klinichna stomatolohiia. – 2014. – № 2. – S. 17–19.

Zabolotnyi T.D. Heneralizovanyi parodontyt / T.D. Zabolotnyi, A.V. Borysenko. – Lviv: HalDent, 2011. – 240 s.

Prokudina N. O. Profesiini zakhvoriuvannia robitnykiv u ptakhivnytstvi, shcho vyklykani patohennymy hrybamy ta umovno-patohennoiu mikrofloroiu / N. O. Prokudina // Suchasna vet. medytsyna. – 2013. – № 1. – S. 22–25 ; № 2. – S. 30–33.

Shinkevich V. I. Rol' kletochnyh faktorov immuniteta v remodelirovanii tkanej desny pri hronicheskom generalizovannom parodontite / V. I. Shinkevich, I. P. Kajdashev // Stomatologiya. – 2012. − № 1. – S. 23−27.

Almaceli M. Dendritic cells: a new player in osteoimmunology / M. Almaceli, Y. T. Teng // Carr. Mol. Med. – 2009. – Vol. 9. – P. 893−910.

Atler A. Y. Immunologia / A. Y. Atler. – Wroclaw: WMUP, 2007. –364 p. Aurer A. Markers of periodontal destruction in saliva of periodontitis patients / A. Aurer, A. Stavlejenic–Rukavina, J. Aurer-Kozeli // Acta Med. Croatica. 2005. – Vol. 59. – P. 117−122.

Bradberry S. M. Mechanisms of toxicity, clinical features, and management of acute chlorophenoxy herbicide poisoning: a review / S. M. Bradberry, B. E. Watt, A. T. Proudfoot // J. Toxicol. Clin. Toxicol . – 2000. –Vol. 38, N. 2. – P. 111–122.

Chen F. M. Periodontal Tissue Engineering and Regeneration: Current Approaches and Expanding Opportunities. Review / F. M. Chen, Y. Jin // Tissue Eng. Part B. – 2010. – Vol. 14. – P.591−596.

Costa F. O. Impact of different periodontitis case definitions on periodontal research / F. O. Costa, A. N. Guimaraes // J. Oral Sci. – 2009. – Vol. 5(2). – P. 199−206.

Degenerative periodontal-diseases and oral osteonecrosis: the role of geneenvironment interactions. Review / D. Baldi, A. Izzotti, P. Bonica [et al.] //Mutât. Res. – 2009. – Vol. 667. – P. 118−131.

Global goals for oral health 2020 / M. Hobdell, P. E. Petersen, J. Clarkson [et al.] // J. Int. Dent. – 2003. – Vol. 53. – P. 258−288.

Immunohistochemical analysis of inflammatory infiltrate in aggressive and chronic periodontitis: a comparative study / L. Artese, M. J. Simon, A. Piattelli [] // Clin. Oral Investig. – 2010. – P. 341−352.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author (s) 2018

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski