Functional efficiency evaluation for the elderly staying in nursing homes

Zofia Nowak-Kapusta, Jacek Durmała, Aleksandra Cieślik, Ewelina Bąk

Abstract


Summary
Background: Demographic prognosis show the elderly population increase. Their level of functional efficiency forecasts whether they should be placed in a nursing home or be hospitalized, what is the risk of their death or what are their chances for a long and happy antiquity.
The aim of the article was functional efficiency evaluation for the people over 65 years old staying in nursing homes.
Material and Methods: In the research we used an authorial questionnaire and the ADL, IADL and NHPPT scales. 411 people (310 women and 101 men) staying in nursing homes were surveyed, with their average age of 79,4+/-7,7.
Results: Average number of obtained points at ADL scale for 65-74 years was 4,7+/-1,9 point; 75-84 years 4,8+/-1,6 point; 85 years and more 4,0+/-2,0. Average number of ob-tained points at IADL scale for 65-74 years was 17,8+/-5,3 point; 75-84 years 18,3+/-4,9 point; 85 years and more 15,2+/-4,7. In the test NHPPT the surveyed people obtained the fol-lowing points: for 65-74 years 18,7+/-6,5 point; 75-84 years 19,5+/-5,0 point; 85 years and more 17,8+/-6,2.
Conclusions: Better efficiency in basic and complex routine activities was typical for men. Efficiency decreases abruptly for both sexes in the oldest group. Worse results in effi-ciency tests were caused mainly by: age, (85 years and more), widowhood, a considerable grade of disability and depression symptoms.

Keywords


functional efficiency, the elderly, ADL, IADL, NHPPT, nursing home

Full Text:

PDF

References


Christensen K, Doblhammer G, Rau R, Vaupel J. Ageing populations: the challenges ahead. Lancet, 2009; October 3; 374(9696): 1196–1208.

Główny Urząd Statystyczny. Sytuacja demograficzna osób starszych i konsekwencje sta-rzenia się ludności Polski w świetle prognozy na lata 2014-2050. Warszawa 2014 http://www.stat.gov.pl

Wysokiński M, Fidecki W, Gębala S. Evaluation of independence in elderly people hos-pitalised in internal medicine units. Gerontol Pol, 2013; 21, 3: 89–97.

Burzyńska M, Ciabiada B, Maniecka-Bryła M. Successful ageing in the opinion of elderly users of social help services. Hygeia Public Health, 2014; 49(2): 318-323.

Dąbek A, Misiak K, Zborowska I, Klisowska I. Determinants of Activity of the Elderly. Nursing and Public Health, 2015,; 5, 1: 67–72.

Skubiszewska A, Wodzyńska K, Szybalska A, Ślusarczyk P, Broczek K, Puzianowska-Kuźnicka M, Olędzka G, Mossakowska M. The assessment of independence in activities of daily living of centenarians living in Warsaw – preliminary results. Gerontol Pol, 2014; 3: 151-155.

Płaszewska-Żywko L, Brzuzan P, Malinowska-Lipień L, Gabryś T. Functional capability in persons of advanced age in homes for the elderly. Probl Hig Epidemiol, 2008; 89(1): 62-66.

Fidecki W, Wysokiński M, Wrońska I, Ślusarz R. Elderly people’s incapacity as a chal-lenge for the nursing care. Probl Pielęg, 2011; 19 (1): 1–4.

Bujnowska-Fedak M, Kumięga P, Sapilak B. Assessment of functional capacity of elderly persons in family practice based on selected scale tests. Family Medicine & Primary Care Review, 2013; 15,2: 76-79.

Kozak-Szkopek E., Galus K. Influence of physical rehabilitation on psychophysical capa-bilities in elderly patients. Gerontol Pol 2009; 17, 2: 79–94.

Tobis S, Jakrzewska-Sawińska A, Talarska D, Wieczorowska-Tobis K. Interprofessional care in geriatric. Medical News, 2013; 82, 1: 51–55.

Piotrowicz K, Gąsowski J. Comprehensive Geriatric assessment and directions of senior’s education. Labor et Educatio. 2014; (2): 145-151.

Szweda-Lewandowska Z. Elderly care services: development prospects in context of pop-ulation ageing. Optimum. Studia Ekonomiczne,2014; 2(68): 148-157.

Abrams W B, Beers M H, Berkow R. MSD The Merck Manual of Geriatrics. First Polish Edition. Urban & Partner Wrocław, 245-257; 1999.

Binder FE, Miller JP, Ball LJ. Development of a Test of Physical Performance for the Nursing Home Setting. The Gerontologist, 2001; vol. 41 (5): 671-678.

Kozicka I , Kostka T. Determinants of functional capacity of elderly people residing in institutional environment. Polish J Sport Med, 2014; 3(4); Vol. 30: 169-177

Mattos IE, Nascimento do Carmo C,Santiago LM, Luz LL. Factors associated with func-tional incapacity in elders living in long stay institutions in Brazil: a cross-sectional study. BMC Geriatrics, 2014; 14: 47.

Tsai A.C., Lee L., Wang J. Complementarity of the Mini-Nutritional Assessment and Activities of Daily Living for predicting follow-up mortality risk in elderly Taiwanese. British Journal of Nutrition, 2013; 109: 658–666.

Pereira M, Moreira P, Cunha de Oliveira C, Roriz K, Amaral M, Mello A, Ramos L. Nu-tritional status of institutionalized elderly Brazilians: a study with the Mini Nutritional As-sessment. Nutr Hosp, 2015; 31(3):1198-1204.

Barbosa BR, Almeida JM, Barbosa MR, Rossi-Barbosa LA. Evaluation of the functional capacity of the elderly and factors associated with disability. Cien Saude Colet, 2014; 19(8): 3317-25.

Zhang W, Ding H, Su P, Duan G, Chen R, Long J, Du L, Xie C, Jin C, Hu C, Sun Z, Gong L, Tian W. Does disability predict attempted suicide in the elderly? A community-based study of elderly residents in Shanghai, China. Aging Ment Health., 2016; 20(1): 81-87.

Baumann K. The problem of suicidal acts amongst elderly people. Gerontol Pol 2008; 16, 2: 80–88.

Ang YH, Au SYL, Yap LKP, Ee CH. Functional decline of the elderly in a nursing home. Singapore Med J, 2006; 47(3): 219-224.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1252485

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)