Running as a form of active leisure - running paths as a substantial element of local society development strategies

Weronika Stodółka, Damian Filipowski, Kamil Michalik, Krzysztof Pałkiewicz, Jacek Stodółka

Abstract


The civilizational progress has brought many conveniences that allowed us to choose leisure and recreation as the preferred way of spending our free time. The interest in the advantages of open-air activities keeps growing, together with the number of needs emerging with the constant improvement of the economic status of our society. Meeting those needs has become the aim of many projects. The more fashionable running becomes, the higher amount of people get interested in it and start running. The dynamic development of tourism related to running is a challenge for the tourism market. The astonishing popularity of this form of sport is especially visible in the number of people taking part in official runs and the growing number of the runs themselves. Promoting the region through active tourism is more than desirable. The goal is to show the right direction in creating the local society development strategies in fields such as health and active leisure for local governments. This direction is the proposition to create more running paths. The way of creating them has been described on the example of Świdnica city in Lower Silesian region ofPoland. The project should perfectly match the development strategy of the city and become helpful for the municipality. Having the area of the city and the number of its inhabitants in mind one could apply the guidelines written above to other cities with similar conditions without hesitation.


Keywords


running, health, recreation, leisure, municipalities

Full Text:

PDF

References


Thompson Coon J., Boddy K., Stein K., Whear R., Barton J., Depledge MH. (2011) Does Participating in Physical Activity in Outdoor Natural Environments Have a Greater Effect on Physical and Mental Wellbeing than Physical Activity Indoors? A Systematic Review, Environmental Science & Technology, 45(5), 1761-1772.

Korzewa L., Misiołek E., Skarbowska A. (2014) Running tourism in Poland in the opinion of participants in the mass runs, Rozprawy Naukowe Akademii Wychowania Fizycznego we Wrocławiu, 45, 222-231.

Kasperska E., Kasperski M. (2015) Economic aspects of running tourism, Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, 853, 2(30), 9-24.

Winiarski R., Zdebski J. (2008) Psychologia turystyki, Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne, Warszawa.

Narodowy Program Zdrowia 1996 – 2005, Warszawa 1996.

Bellocco R., Jia C., Ye W., Lagerros YT. (2010) Effects of physical activity, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference on total mortality risk in the Swedish National March Cohort, European Journal of Epidemiology, 25(11), 777-788.

Lee DC., Sui X., Ortega FB., Kim YS., Church TS. Winett RA., Ekelund U., Katzmarzyk PT., Blair SN. (2011). Comparison of leisure-time physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness as predictors of all-cause mortality in men and women. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(6), 504-510.

Blair SN., Kohl HW., Barlow CE. (1993) Physical fitness and all-cause mortality: A prospective study of healthy men and women. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 12, 368-371.

Powell KE., Blair SN. (1994) The public health burdens of sedentary living habits: Theoretical but realistic estimates. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 26, 851-856.

Drabik J. (1995) Aktywność fizyczna w edukacji zdrowotnej społeczeństwa. Cz. I. AWF, Gdańsk.

Drabik J. (1996) Aktywność fizyczna w treningu zdrowotnym osób dorosłych. Cz. II. AWF, Gdańsk.

Drabik J. (1997) Promocja aktywności fizycznej. Cz. III. AWF, Gdańsk.

Sidorowicz W. (1970) Wpływ uprawiania lekkiej atletyki na organizm. Sit, Warszawa.

Zatoń M. (1987) Niektóre aspekty kontroli zmian zdolności wysiłkowej w treningu sportowym, Sport Wyczynowy, 12, 8-12.

Zinner C., Sperlich B. (2016) Marathon Running: Physiology, Psychology, Nutrition and Training Aspects.

Zawadzki P. (2015) Mass racing events as the component of tourists regions promotion, Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu, 379, 311-320.

Plan miasta Wrocław Oleśnica Świdnica, praca zbiorowa. Wydawnictwo Daunpol Warszawa, 2000.

Mazurski KR. (1986) Środowisko geograficzne rejonu Świdnicy. Rocznik Świdnicki 1986, WŚ, 29-43.

Czarnecki K. (1996) Świdnica, przewodnik turystyczny. PRZŚ Świdnica.

Korta W. (1995) Świdnica. Zarys monografii miasta. DSK Silesia Wrocław – Świdnica.

Berger BG., Motl R. (2001). Physical activity and quality of life. In R.N. Singer, H.A. Hausenblas & C.M. Janelle (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology. New York: Wiley, 636-671.

O’Brien-Cousins S. (1997) Exercise, aging and health: Overcoming barriers to an active old age, Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia.

King A. (2001) Interventions to promote physical activity by older adults, The Journals of Gerontology, 56, 36-46.

Sallis J., Bauman A., Pratt M. (1998) Environmental and policy interventions to promote physical activity, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 15(4), 379-397




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1133284

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)