Knowledge about sexual transmitted disease (STDs) and risks involved amongst young people population living in south-eastern region of Poland

Irena Puszkarz, Bonita Durnaś, Grzegorz Król, Robert Bucki

Abstract


Introduction: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are considered to be a serious health matter with the numbers of cases continuously increasing. Numerous studies have pointed out that Polish youth do not have a sufficient knowledge of the risks involved with contracting STD, mainly because there are no effective sexual education within schools, families or medical institutions.

Aim: The aim of this research was to investigate the level of knowledge concerning STD amongst the population of young adults between 19 and 24 years old living in the South-eastern region of Poland.

Methods and Materials: The analysis was comprised of 104 people between 19-24 years old from which 57.7% were women and 42.3% were men. The method used to conduct described research was a diagnostic survey, from which a questionnaire created by the author was used alongside a Polish adaptation of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC). The analysis was carried out using Statistical 13 PL program.

Results:  More than half (54.8%) of those surveyed believed that STD contraction could only be possible via sexual intercourse. Amongst those surveyed the most known itemized STDs were HIV/AIDS (93.3%), genital herpes (86.5%), gonorrhoea (84.6%) and syphilis (80.8%). The knowledge of those surveyed was based on the information obtained through the internet (67.3%), leaflets and handouts (28.8%), television (22.1%) and lastly parents (1.9%). In the opinion of participating surveyed sexual education should come from a gynaecologist or sexual health professional (61.5%) or an experienced pedagogue (18.3%). There was no difference in STD knowledge between women and men (p>0.05). There was a significant difference in knowledge which was shown in the results of those surveyed between people with a basic and a higher education (p<0.05) with a statistically significant link between the ages of those surveyed and their knowledge (p<0.01).

Conclusion:

  1. The knowledge of those surveyed is unsystematic and incomplete.
  2. Young people expect information from gynaecologist, sexual health professionals and experienced pedagogue.
  3. The subject of STD should be addressed more not only in schools but also within their own home whilst highlighting the importance of the role of the parents in this aspect.
  4. It is recommended to educate young people on where to obtain sufficient and adequate information from reliable sources. 

Keywords


Sexually transmitted diseases, knowledge, conscious risks involved with STD

Full Text:

PDF

References


Siracusano S, Silvestri T, Casotto D. Sexually transmitted diseases: epidemiological and clinical aspects in adults. Urologia. 2014; 81 (4): 200-208.

Imacka J, Bulsa M. Ryzykowne zachowania seksualne młodzieży jako czynnik zwiększający ryzyko zakażenia chorobami przenoszonymi drogą płciową. Hygeia Public Health. 2012; 47 (3): 272-276.

Wojtasiński Z. Raport: jedynie 42 proc. Polaków zadowolonych z życia seksualnego , http://naukawpolsce.pap.pl/aktualnosci/news,413058,raport-jedynie-42-proc-polakow-zadowolonych-z-zycia-seksualnego.html. dostęp 25.03.2017.

Drosdzol A, Piela B, Zdun D, Nowosielski K, Kli¬manek M, Skrzypulec V. Seksualność młodych dorosłych województwa śląskiego. Ginekologia Praktyczna 2005; 83 (2): 32-39.

Tritt RJ. Postawy dorosłych wobec homoseksualizmu i ocena poziomu wiedzy na temat chorób przenoszonych drogą płciową. Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis. 2011; 57 (2): 57-68.

Olejniczak D, Wodzyńska K, Religioni U. Wiedza uczniów klas maturalnych na temat chorób przenoszonych drogą płciową. Problemy Pielęg. 2012; 20 (3): 317-326.

Wdowiak A, Bąk M, Bakalczuk G, Lewicka M, Bakalczuk Sz. Analiza poziomu wiedzy studentów odnośnie chorób przenoszonych drogą płciową. Przegląd seksuologiczny lipiec/wrzesień 2011, 27: 17-27.

Bednarek J, Puszkarz I. Zagrożenie STD wyzwaniem dla zdrowia publicznego. W: Marć M, Kruk W, (red.). Zdrowie publiczne cz. 4. Zagrożenia zdrowia społeczeństwa a wyzwania edukacji zdrowotnej. Rzeszów: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego; 2016.

Mężyk I, Kubeł M, Skrzypulec-Plinta V, Kobiołka A, Urbańska E, Naworska B i wsp. Świadomość czynników ryzyka i metod profilaktyki infekcji przenoszonych drogą płciową wśród młodzieży licealnej aglomeracji śląskiej. Health and Wellness. Wellness and society. 2013; 4: 123-128.

Szeląg H. Wiedza i poglądy młodzieży licealnej na temat zakażenia oraz zapobiegania HIV/AIDS. Rocznik Lubuski. 2006; 32 (2): 207-222.

Podolska MZ, Kozłowska U. Edukacja zdrowotna i świadomość zdrowotna w profilaktyce raka szyjki macicy. Psychoonkologia. 2013; 2: 71–78.

Jarząbek-Bielecka G, Durda M, Sowińska-Przepiera E, Kaczmarek M, Kędzia W. Inicjacja i aktywność seksualna dziewcząt i kobiet urodzonych w latach 1975-1995 w Wielkopolsce. Przegl Seksuol. 2011; 27: 14-16.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1095153

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/search?search&searchCategory=WORK&filter.inJournal=36616

POL-index 2011 - 2014

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-32a319c5-a850-4f44-ba70-1418a6087655

BASE 2011 - 2014

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=Journal+of+Health+Sciences+%28Radom%29&type=all&oaboost=1&ling=1&name=&thes=&refid=dcrespl&newsearch=1

http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/issue/archive

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101679844

Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/49068

POL-index

https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/polindex-webapp/browse/journal/journal-c39c8169-88d2-45db-9e7f-d948ce9981c4

BASE

https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?join=AND&bool0[]=AND&lookfor0[]=2391-8306&type0[]=all&page=11&l=pl&oaboost=1&refid=dcpagepl

Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2  www.ukw.edu.pl Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/Journal+of+Education+Health+and+Sport,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase Index.com.

Website: www.infobaseindex.com

Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (http://www.uifactor.org/AppliedJournals.aspx)

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski

(http://www1.bg.us.edu.pl/bazy/czasopisma/czasop_full.asp?id=3595)