The role of socioeconomic factors in selected aspects of nutritional behavior of children and adolescents practicing football in a football club in Bydgoszcz

Monika Anna Ameryk, Piotr Sikorski, Maciej Świątkowski, Agnieszka Augustyniak, Małgorzata Szamocka


Nutrition habits of children should be adapted to their physiological needs, reflecting their demand for the appropriate nutrients. Nutrition of children and adolescents practicing sports is a particular challenge, much more complex than in their peers and adults. This is related not only with their intensive growth and development and different metabolism, but also with increased physical activity. A correlation between socioeconomic factors in families (parents’ poor education, unemployment and low income) and a poor health status with increased incidence of chronic psychosomatic and organic diseases has been reported.

The aim of the study was to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on selected aspects of nutritional behavior.   

The investigated group consisted of 100 boys aged 10–16 years, practicing football in a football club in Bydgoszcz, Poland, whose parents answered questions from the KomPAN questionnaire adopted to the Polish conditions. The obtained results were developed statistically using the Statistica 12.5 software, with Chi-squared test and the statistical significance level at p < 0.005.          

A significant impact of socioeconomic factors, including family economic status, on the analyzed aspects of nutritional behavior of children and adolescents practicing football in a football club in Bydgoszcz, was demonstrated. The study revealed many improper habits in the nutrition of the investigated children, which indicates the need for appropriate nutritional education at all age levels.


socioeconomic factors; nutrition; sport; young athletes; eating habits

Full Text:



Belsky J., B. Bell, R.H. Bradley, N. Stallard, S.L. Stewart-Brown (2006) Socioeconomic risk, parenting during the preschool years and child health age 6 years. Eur J Public Health, 17(5): 508-513. doi 10.1093/eurpub/ckl261

Benardot D. (2000) Nutrition for serious athletes, An advanced guide foods, fluids and supplements for training and performance. Human Kinetics, USA

Benton D. (2004) Role of parents in the determination of the food preferences of children and the development of obesity. International Journal of Obesity, 28, 858–869. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802532

Bonci, L. (2010) Sports nutrition for young athletes. Pediatric Annals, 39 (5): 300-305. DOI: 10.3928/00904481-20100422-11

Emerson E, H. Graham, C. Hatton (2005) Household income and health status in children and adolescents in Britain. Eur J Public Health, 16: 354-360. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cki200

Falkowska A., E. Stefańska, L. Ostrowska (2011) Ocena sposobu żywienia dzieci w wieku 10-12 lat o zróżnicowanym stopniu odżywienia. Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat., 7(4):222-228.

Fisher J.O., Mitchell D. C., Smisklas-Wright H., Birch L.L. 2000. Maternal milk consumption predicts the trade off between milk and soft drinks in young girls’ diet. J. Nutr., 131, 246-250.

Gacek M. (2007). Knowledge and behavior habits of young people in sport in the school athletic in Krakow, Annals National Institute of Hygiene, 58 (4): 641-648.

Halldórsson M, A.E. Kunst, L. Köhler, J. Mackenbach (2000) Socioeconomic inequalities in the health of children and adolescents. A comparative study of the five Nordic countries. Eur J Public Health, 10 (4): 281-288. doi 10.1093/eurpub/10.4.281.

Hanson M. D., E. Chen (2007) Socioeconomic status and health behaviors in adolescence: A review of the literature. J. Behav. Med., 30(3): 263-285.

Jeżewska-Zychowicz M. (2004) Ocena poziomu wiedzy żywieniowej i jej wpływu na częstotliwość spożywania wybranych produktów spożywczych wśród uczennic szkoły gastronomicznej. Żywienie Człowieka i Metabolizm, XXXI, 1, 33-48.

Kozioł – Kozakowska A., B. Piórecka, J. Żwirska, et al. (2007) Assessment of eating habits of pre-school children attending kindergatrens in region of Krakow with referral to cocio-economic characteristics. Probl. Hig. Epidemiol., 88(4): 422-427.

Kozioł – Kozakowska A., B. Piórecka, M. Schlegel – Zawadzka (2014) Wpływ postaw rodzicielskich na sposób żywienia dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym w Krakowie na tle uwarunkowań socjodemograficznych. Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarzadzanie, 12 (1): 82-89. doi:10.4467/20842627OZ.14.009.2901

Kwiatkowska E. (2010) Wpływ wykształcenia rodziców na częstotliwość spożywania warzyw i owoców przez ich dzieci. Roczn. PZH, 61(2): 179-182.

Leonkiewicz M., M. Gacek, B. Frączek (2015) Wiedza i zachowania żywieniowe młodzieży uprawiającej sport – konieczność edukacji. WSIiZ, Warszawa.

Leszczyńska T., R. Bieżanowska- Kopeć (2005) Ocena sposobu żywienia w gospodarstwach domowych prowadzonych przez osoby z wyższym wykształceniem. Żywność – Nauka Technologia Jakość, 4(45) Supl.: 151-161.

Montfort -Steiger V. & Williams C.A. (2007). Carbohydrate intake considerations for young athletes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 6, 343 – 352.

Murat K, M. Żurek, M. Michno, C. Michalski (2012) Wpływ diety o różnych zawartościach węglowodanów na metabolizm człowieka podczas spoczynku i wysiłku fizycznego. Aktywność Ruchowa Ludzi w Różnym Wieku, 16, 103-111

Nelson M., K. Dick, B. Holmes (2002) Food budget standards and dietary adequacy in low-income families. P. Nutr. Soc., 61(4): 569-577.

North K., P. Emmet (2000) Multivariate analysis of diet among three-year-old children and associations with socio-demographic characteristics. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC) Study Team. Eur J Clin Nutr.,54(1):73-80.

Piotrowska E., A. Broniecka, M. Frańczak, et al. (2014) Wpływ warunków socjoekonomicznych na sposób żywienia i zwyczaje żywieniowe młodzieży 13-15-letniej z Wrocławia i okolic. Bromat. Chem. Toksykol., (2): 186-195.

Siponen S.M., R.S. Ahonen, P.H. Savolainen, K.P Hameen – Anttila (2011) Children’s health and parental socioeconomic factors: a population – based survey in Finland. Public Health, 11:457. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-457

Skinner J.D., Carruth B.R., Bounds W., Ziegler P., Reidy K. 2002. Do food-related experiences in the first 2 years of life predict dietary variety in school-aged children? J.Nutr. Educ. Behav. 34, 310-315.

Tomaszewska I. (2014) Wpływ czynników środowiskowych na zachowania żywieniowe młodzieży w wieku 13-16 lat. Rozprawa doktorska, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny.

Victorino C. C, A.H. Gauthier (2009) The social determinants of child health: variations across health outcomes- a population-based cross-sectional analysis. BMC Pediatrics, 9:53. doi 10.1186/1471-2431-9-53

Von Rueden U., A. Gosch, L. Rajmil, et al. (2006) Socioeconomic determinants of health related quality of life in childhood and adolescence: results from a European study. J. Epidemiol. Commun. H.,60(2): 130-135.

Waluś A., L. Wądołowska, R. Cichoń R. (2003) Stan odżywienia 16-letniej młodzieży z regionu suwalskiego o różnym statusie ekonomicznym. Żyw. Człow. Metab., 30(1-2): 209-214.

Wardle J., Carnell S., Cooke L. 2005. Parental control over feeding and children’s fruit and vegetable intake: how are they related? J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 105, 2, 227-232.

Zarnowiecki DM., N. Parletta, J. Dollman (2016) Socio-economic position as a moderator of 9-13-year- old children’s non- core food intake. Public Health Nutr., 19(1):55-70. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015001081

Zarnowiecki DM., N. Parletta, J. Dollman (2016) The role of socio-economic positionas a moderator children’s healthly food intake. Br J Nutr., 14;112(5):830-40. doi: 10.1017/S000711451400135



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 © The Author (s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014

POL-index 2011 - 2014

BASE 2011 - 2014

Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska

US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI

Find a library that holds this journal:

Journal Language(s): English 

PBN Poland



Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Instytut Kultury Fizycznej Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy, Institute of Physical Education Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 85-091 Bydgoszcz ul. Sportowa 2 Copyright by Instytut Kultury Fizycznej UKW w Bydgoszczy  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at

SIC Science citation index (calculated on the basis of TCI and Page Rank) 0

Russian Impact factor 0.16

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.,p24782242,3.html

ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

The InfoBase Index IBI Factor for the year 2015 is 3.56 in InfoBase


Universal Impact Factor 1.78 for year 2012. (

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ)

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski